Liverpool ONE, Liverpool City Centre

Project Background

Liverpool ONE is a state-of-the-art shopping, residential and leisure complex in the heart of Liverpool city centre. It is the largest open-air shopping centre in the UK and the 10th largest overall, comprising a total area of 170,000 m2 (1,800,000 sq. ft.).

The project, previously known as The Paradise Project, involved the redevelopment of 42 acres of underutilised land in the city centre.

The majority of the development was opened in phases on 29 May 2008 and 1 October 2008 with the final residential development opened in early 2009.

This retail-led development boasting 170 stores and services also includes leisure facilities, apartments, offices, public open spaces and transport improvements.


Project Scope

Tenos was appointed to develop the fire safety strategy and management procedures for the master plan and building concept designs. A particular challenge was the development’s large underground car park.



Liverpool ONE’s underground car park comprises a total area of 60,000m2 and provides car park spaces for 2,000 vehicles on four levels

This exceptionally large underground car park presented a number of fire engineering challenges, in particular the extended travel distances for fire evacuation.

We used advanced fire safety engineering techniques to deliver an innovative, cost-effective fire engineered solution to ensure our client satisfied their statutory obligations during the master-planning and conceptual design phases.

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling was used by our fire engineers to develop a highly advanced smoke control system utilising jet-fans.